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Đang xem: Integral pronunciation
So,in which camp are you with the pronunciation of the word “integral”? Do you kind of make a pause on the first syllable like “in-tegral” or you say it all at once like “”integral”? The latter is the default option in every online dictionary I”ve checked,with the other one mentioned as the alternative.Cambridge and Longman dictionaries online fail to mention the other one altogether.
hsargentPosts: 885Joined: Sat Jan 28, 2006 12:23 amCountry: USAFirst Name: HarryLast Name: SargentLocation: Lake Jackson,
The Merriam-Webster online offers in te gral and in teg ral.I have never heard the later. The first pronunciation is a mathematical convention in the US.I”m sure there are some non-mathematical usages meaning an inclusion I would think. That might have a broader pronunciation convention.I can not envision the “all at once” which you proposed. You seem to offer two or one syllables.
The OED2 only gives the pronunciation with the stress on the first syllable. I have heard the other pronunciation with the stress on the second syllable. I learned the first pronunciation in its math-context meaning.
Hello hsargent and zmjezhd,Strange that you both mentioned the use of “integral” in the context of mathematics. I thought it”s common as an adjective in the (almost fixed) phrase: “an integral part of something”.
Well, I was quite into mathematics. I tried learning calculus on my own in high school, and that”s what I remember most when I hear integral. I was probably exposed to the stock phrase, an integral part of X before then, I just don”t have any vivid memories attached to that use.
That part of math,with the application of integrals, was one of the most interesting to me both in high school and later on the university.
Edwin F AshworthPosts: 2910Joined: Tue Mar 18, 2008 3:30 pmCountry: United KingdomFirst Name: EdwinLast Name: Ashworth
I”ve always used in” ti gral (cf in” ti jer and in” ti grand) for the maths noun and in teg” ral (cf in teg” ri ty) for the adjectival usage in general English.Then again, I”ve always pronounced C2H6 ee” thane and C2H5OH eth” an ol.
Ken GreenwaldPosts: 3808Joined: Mon Dec 13, 2004 8:25 amCountry: USAFirst Name: KenLast Name: GreenwaldLocation: Ft.Collins, Colorado, USA
Dante, American Heritage Dictionary, Random House Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online, Dictionary.com all provide the following pronunciations:IN’-TI-GREL or IN-TEG’-REL (Merriam-Webster OnLine also offers IN-TE’-GREL (long E on the TE’) and IN’-TRE-GEL)The first is the one I’m familiar with and I’ve never heard the others. In the first the word consists of three syllables, with the emphasis on the first. And this is the usual way I say it and have heard it said both in math and elsewhere as a noun and adjective. Whether I say it fast or slow there has to be a pause after the IN’ and I suppose I’ve never heard a pause long enough to have been noticeable.Looking through the Onelook dictionaries, I noticed that the Cambridge Advanced Learner”s Dictionary did make a distinction between the U.K. and U.S. pronunciations as follows:U.K.: IN’ TI GRELU.S.: IN’ TE GRELAlso a lot of dictionaries (e.g. the OED) use a system where they don’t break words up into syllables and that’s different from what I’m used to. It seems less informative, but I suppose there must be something good about it or the OED and others wouldn’t be using it.And finally, it seems to me that the title of your posting and the question you asked don’t agree. Also, in your quote from Merriam-Webster Online it is impossible to say what the pronunciation is without accent marks. A lot of dictionaries put the accent mark in front of the accented syllable, whereas others and the way I learned was to put the accent mark after the accented syllable.Note: In the above, I don”t know how or if we can show diacritic marks and things such as the backwards ‘e,’ etc. in our forum (and if we can whether it is worth the effort if it is too much work) to give the actual pronunciation, so they do not appear above and this leaves some ambiguity as to how a word is actually pronounced. _________________Ken – May 15, 2010